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Master Blaster: an approach to sensitive identification of remotely related proteins

Janaki, C and Gowri, VS and Srinivasan, N (2021) Master Blaster: an approach to sensitive identification of remotely related proteins. In: Scientific Reports, 11 (1).

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-021-87833-4


Genome sequencing projects unearth sequences of all the protein sequences encoded in a genome. As the first step, homology detection is employed to obtain clues to structure and function of these proteins. However, high evolutionary divergence between homologous proteins challenges our ability to detect distant relationships. In the past, an approach involving multiple Position Specific Scoring Matrices (PSSMs) was found to be more effective than traditional single PSSMs. Cascaded search is another successful approach where hits of a search are queried to detect more homologues. We propose a protocol, �Master Blaster�, which combines the principles adopted in these two approaches to enhance our ability to detect remote homologues even further. Assessment of the approach was performed using known relationships available in the SCOP70 database, and the results were compared against that of PSI-BLAST and HHblits, a hidden Markov model-based method. Compared to PSI-BLAST, Master Blaster resulted in 10 improvement with respect to detection of cross superfamily connections, nearly 35 improvement in cross family and more than 80 improvement in intra family connections. From the results it was observed that HHblits is more sensitive in detecting remote homologues compared to Master Blaster. However, there are true hits from 46-folds for which Master Blaster reported homologs that are not reported by HHblits even using the optimal parameters indicating that for detecting remote homologues, use of multiple methods employing a combination of different approaches can be more effective in detecting remote homologs. Master Blaster stand-alone code is available for download in the supplementary archive. © 2021, The Author(s).

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Scientific Reports
Publisher: Nature Research
Additional Information: The copyright for this article belongs to Authors
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Molecular Biophysics Unit
Date Deposited: 12 Aug 2021 06:26
Last Modified: 12 Aug 2021 06:26
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/69082

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