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15-Deoxyspergualin inhibits eukaryotic protein synthesis through $eIF2\alpha$ phosphorylation

Ramya, TNC and Surolia, Namita and Surolia, Avadhesha (2007) 15-Deoxyspergualin inhibits eukaryotic protein synthesis through $eIF2\alpha$ phosphorylation. In: Biochemical Journal, 401 (2). pp. 411-420.

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DSG (15-deoxyspergualin), an immunosuppressant with tumoricidal properties, binds potently to the regulatory C-terminal ‘EEVD’ motif of Hsps (heat-shock proteins). In the present study we demonstrate that DSG inhibits eukaryotic protein synthesis by sequestering Hsp70 which is required for maintaining HRI (haemregulated inhibitor), a kinase of the $eIF2\alpha$ (eukaryotic initiation factor $2\alpha$), inactive. DSG stalled initiation of protein synthesis through phosphorylation of HRI and $eIF2\alpha$. Addition of a recombinant $eIF2\alpha$ (S51A) protein, which lacks the phosphorylation site, lowered the inhibitory potential of DSG in reticulocyte lysate. The inhibitory effect of DSG was also attenuated in HRI knockdown cells. Moreover, exogenous addition of Hsp70 or the peptide ‘EEVD’ reversed the inhibitory effect of DSG. Interestingly, the inhibitory effect of DSG in different mammalian cancer cells was found to negatively correlate with the amount of Hsp70 expressed in the cells, emphasizing the link with Hsp70 in DSG inhibition of eukaryotic translation.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Biochemical Journal
Publisher: Biochemical Society
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to The Biochemical Society.
Keywords: 15-deoxyspergualin;eukaryotic initiation factor 2$/alpha$;haern-regulated inhibitor;hear-shock protein;protein synthesis.
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Molecular Biophysics Unit
Date Deposited: 02 Apr 2007
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 04:35
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/9949

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