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Evaluation of minimum desorption temperatures of thermal compressors in adsorption refrigeration cycles

Saha, BB and El-Sharkawy, II and Chakraborty, A and Koyama, S and Banker, ND and Dutta, P and Prasad, M and Srinivasan, K (2006) Evaluation of minimum desorption temperatures of thermal compressors in adsorption refrigeration cycles. In: International Journal of Refrigeration, 29 (7). pp. 1175-1181.

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The purpose of this paper is to identify the minimum desorption temperatures required to operate thermally driven adsorption beds of a solid sorption refrigeration system. The method is based on the evaluation of uptake efficiency of the adsorption bed and estimating there from conditions under which the compressor ceases to provide any throughput. The difference in the densities of the refrigerant between the inlet and outlet, the adsorption characteristics of the adsorbate-refrigerant pair and the void volume in the thermal compressor are the contributors to the manifestation of the desorption state. Among them, the void volume is a controllable parameter whose role is analogous to the clearance volume in a positive displacement compressor. The methodology has been tested out with three systems, namely, silica gel + water, activated carbon fiber + ethanol and activated carbon + HFC 134a systems. It is shown that waste heat at as low as $60^o C$ can operate these systems which make them good energy conservation devices through recovery of low grade process waste heat.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: International Journal of Refrigeration
Publisher: Elsevier
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier.
Keywords: Adsorption system;Water;Silica gel;Activated carbon;Ethanol;R134a;Calculation;Temperature;Desorption
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Mechanical Engineering
Date Deposited: 12 Dec 2006
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 04:32
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/8896

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