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Microwave-assisted ZnO-decorated carbon urchin resembling �shish-kebab� morphology with self-healing and enhanced electromagnetic shielding properties

Kumar Singh, S and Raj, R and Salvi, AS and Parasuram, S and Kumar, S and Bose, S (2024) Microwave-assisted ZnO-decorated carbon urchin resembling �shish-kebab� morphology with self-healing and enhanced electromagnetic shielding properties. In: Nanoscale .

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1039/d3nr05758e


Herein, inspired by Acacia auriculiformis fruit, the shish-kebab-like growth of ZnO on carbon urchin (ZnO@CU) was designed using microwave radiation, thus leading to a hierarchal 3D structure that can promote multiple internal reflections through polarization centers. This hierarchal structure was then dispersed in a designer polyetherimide (PEI) matrix containing dynamic covalent bonds that can undergo metathesis, triggered by temperature, to harness self-healing properties in the composite. Such key attributes are required for their potential use in EMI shielding applications where frequent repairs are indispensable. Morphological investigation revealed that the ZnO flower was periodically nucleated like �shish-kebab� structures on CU surfaces. CU was designed from short carbon fibers using a facile modified method. The EMI shielding performance of the resulting composites was investigated in the X-band, illustrating a shielding effectiveness of �40.6 dB for 2 wt of ZnO@CU loading, and the composite can be preserved after the self-healing procedure. The ZnO �kebabs� on �CU shish� facilitated multiple scattering and numerous polarization centers to improve the EMI shielding performances at extremely low filler contents. In addition, the mechanical and thermal properties of the composite showed improved structural integrity and superior resistance to extreme temperatures, respectively. Overall, the proposed ZnO@CU/PEI composite has great potential to fulfill the increasing demands for lightweight EMI shielding materials in many fields. © 2024 The Royal Society of Chemistry

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Nanoscale
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
Additional Information: The copyright for this article belongs toRoyal Society of Chemistry.
Keywords: Copper; Electromagnetic shielding; II-VI semiconductors; Morphology; Polarization; Self-healing materials, 3D Structure; Acacia auriculiformis; EMI shielding; Microwave-assisted; Self-healing; Shielding performance; Shielding properties; Shish-Kebab morphology; Shish-kebabs; ZnO, Zinc oxide
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Materials Engineering (formerly Metallurgy)
Date Deposited: 04 Mar 2024 10:05
Last Modified: 04 Mar 2024 10:05
URI: https://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/84195

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