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Chaotic von Zeipel-Lidov-Kozai oscillations of a binary system around a rotating supermassive black hole

Maeda, K-I and Gupta, P and Okawa, H (2023) Chaotic von Zeipel-Lidov-Kozai oscillations of a binary system around a rotating supermassive black hole. In: Physical Review D, 108 (12).

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.108.123041


In this paper, we investigate the dynamics of a binary system that orbits a rotating supermassive black hole. Our approach employs Fermi-Walker transport to construct a local inertial reference frame, and to set up a Newtonian binary system. We consider a scenario in which a circular geodesic observer is positioned around a Kerr black hole, and thereby derive the equations of motion governing the binary system. To eliminate the interaction terms between the c.m. of the binary and its relative coordinates, we introduce a small acceleration for the observer. This adjustment leads to the c.m. closely following the observer's orbit, deviating from a circular geodesic. Here, we first focus on elucidating the stability conditions in a hierarchical triple system. Subsequently, we discuss the phenomenon of von Zeipel-Lidov-Kozai oscillations, which manifest when the binary system is compact and the initial inclination exceeds a critical angle. In hard binary systems, these oscillations exhibit regular behavior, while in soft binary systems, they exhibit a chaotic character, characterized by irregular periods and amplitudes, albeit remaining stable. Additionally, we observe an orbital flip under circumstances of large initial inclination. As for the motion of the c.m., we observe deviations from a purely circular orbit that transform into stable yet chaotic oscillations characterized by minute amplitude variations. © 2023 American Physical Society.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Physical Review D
Publisher: American Physical Society
Additional Information: The copyright for this article belongs to Author
Department/Centre: Others
Date Deposited: 01 Mar 2024 09:53
Last Modified: 01 Mar 2024 09:53
URI: https://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/84014

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