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Baseflow significantly contributes to river floods in Peninsular India

Sharma, S and Mujumdar, PP Mujumdar, PP, ed (2024) Baseflow significantly contributes to river floods in Peninsular India. Nature Research.

sci_rep_14_1_2024.pdf - Published Version

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-024-51850-w


Extreme rainfall prior to a flood event is often a necessary condition for its occurrence; however, rainfall alone is not always an indicator of flood severity. Antecedent wetness condition of a catchment is another important factor which strongly influences the flood magnitudes. The key role of soil moisture in driving floods is widely recognized; however, antecedent conditions of deeper saturated zone may contribute to river floods. Here, we assess how closely the flood magnitudes are associated to extreme rainfall, soil moisture and baseflow in 70 catchments of Peninsular India for the period 1979�2018. Annual flood magnitudes have declined across most of the catchments. Effect of flow regulations is also assessed to understand the impact of human interventions on flood characteristics. Reservoir regulation has positive effect by reducing the flood peak and volume, whereas the duration of flood events has increased after the construction of dams. Baseflow exhibits similar patterns of trends as floods, whereas trends in rainfall and soil moisture extremes are weakly correlated with trends in flood magnitudes. Baseflow is found to be more strongly influencing the flood magnitudes than soil moisture at various time lags. Further analysis with event coincidence analysis confirms that baseflow has stronger triggering effect on river floods in Peninsular India. © 2024, The Author(s).

Item Type: Book
Publication: Scientific Reports
Publisher: Nature Research
Additional Information: The copyright for this article belongs to Author.
Keywords: rain, article; baseflow (hydrology); catchment area (hydrology); flooding; human; river; soil moisture
Department/Centre: Division of Interdisciplinary Sciences > Interdisciplinary Centre for Water Research
Date Deposited: 01 Mar 2024 06:04
Last Modified: 01 Mar 2024 06:04
URI: https://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/83862

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