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Structural similarities between SAM and ATP recognition motifs and detection of ATP binding in a SAM binding DNA methyltransferase

Sankar, S and Preeti, P and Ravikumar, K and Kumar, A and Prasad, Y and Pal, S and Rao, DN and Savithri, HS and Chandra, N (2023) Structural similarities between SAM and ATP recognition motifs and detection of ATP binding in a SAM binding DNA methyltransferase. In: Current Research in Structural Biology, 6 .

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.crstbi.2023.100108


S-adenosylmethionine (SAM) is a ubiquitous co-factor that serves as a donor for methylation reactions and additionally serves as a donor of other functional groups such as amino and ribosyl moieties in a variety of other biochemical reactions. Such versatility in function is enabled by the ability of SAM to be recognized by a wide variety of protein molecules that vary in their sequences and structural folds. To understand what gives rise to specific SAM binding in diverse proteins, we set out to study if there are any structural patterns at their binding sites. A comprehensive analysis of structures of the binding sites of SAM by all-pair comparison and clustering, indicated the presence of 4 different site-types, only one among them being well studied. For each site-type we decipher the common minimum principle involved in SAM recognition by diverse proteins and derive structural motifs that are characteristic of SAM binding. The presence of the structural motifs with precise three-dimensional arrangement of amino acids in SAM sites that appear to have evolved independently, indicates that these are winning arrangements of residues to bring about SAM recognition. Further, we find high similarity between one of the SAM site types and a well known ATP binding site type. We demonstrate using in vitro experiments that a known SAM binding protein, HpyAII.M1, a type 2 methyltransferase can bind and hydrolyse ATP. We find common structural motifs that explain this, further supported through site-directed mutagenesis. Observation of similar motifs for binding two of the most ubiquitous ligands in multiple protein families with diverse sequences and structural folds presents compelling evidence at the molecular level in favour of convergent evolution. © 2023

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Current Research in Structural Biology
Publisher: Elsevier B.V.
Additional Information: The copyright for this article belongs to author.
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Biochemistry
Division of Interdisciplinary Sciences > Centre for Biosystems Science and Engineering
Date Deposited: 01 Mar 2024 05:43
Last Modified: 01 Mar 2024 05:43
URI: https://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/83825

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