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Towards reducing tension-compression yield and cyclic asymmetry in pure magnesium and magnesium-aluminum alloy with cerium addition

Sisodia, S. and Jananandhan, S. and Pakki, V.K. and Konkati, C. and Chauhan, A. (2023) Towards reducing tension-compression yield and cyclic asymmetry in pure magnesium and magnesium-aluminum alloy with cerium addition. In: Materials Science and Engineering: A, 886 .

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.msea.2023.145672


In this study, we report the effect of cerium (Ce) addition on the tension-compression yield and cyclic asymmetry in commercially pure magnesium (Cp-Mg) and Mg–Al alloy at room temperature (RT). The investigated materials Cp-Mg, Mg-0.5Ce, and Mg–3Al-0.5Ce were extruded at 400 °C, followed by annealing at the same temperature for 1 h. Incorporating 0.5 wt% Ce in pure Mg results in the weakening of its basal texture, uniform distribution of Mg12Ce precipitates, and grain size refinement. Consequently, the tensile yield strength and ductility of pure Mg increased, and tension-compression yield asymmetry was eliminated. However, the presence of 3 wt% Al in Mg suppresses the beneficial effects of Ce addition. The formation of non-uniformly distributed complex precipitates, such as Mg–Al–Ce and Al11Ce3, limits the weakening of the basal texture, reduction in grain size, improvement in ductility, and elimination of tension-compression yield asymmetry observed in Mg-0.5Ce. Nevertheless, Al contributes to the solid solution strengthening in Mg and possibly lowers the critical stress required for twinning in Mg, resulting in the highest tensile strength of Mg–3Al-0.5Ce. Finally, the addition of 0.5 wt% Ce enhances the cyclic strength, stabilizes cyclic stress response, reduces inelastic strain, and minimizes cyclic asymmetry in both pure Mg and Mg–Al alloy while maintaining a comparable fatigue life. Overall, Ce addition positively impacts the microstructure and mechanical behavior of pure Mg and its investigated alloy. The reasons for these improvements are discussed in detail. © 2023 Elsevier B.V.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Materials Science and Engineering: A
Publisher: Elsevier Ltd
Additional Information: The copyright for this article belongs to the Authors.
Keywords: Aluminum alloys; Binary alloys; Cerium; Cerium alloys; Ductility; Grain refinement; Grain size and shape; High-cycle fatigue; Low-cycle fatigue; Magnesium alloys; Rare earths; Tensile strength, Basal textures; Low cycle fatigues; Magnesium rare-earth alloys; Magnesium-aluminum alloys; Magnesium-rare earth alloys; MgAl alloy; Pure magnesium; Pure Mg; Tension-compression; Tension-compression asymmetry, Textures
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Materials Engineering (formerly Metallurgy)
Date Deposited: 10 Nov 2023 04:16
Last Modified: 10 Nov 2023 04:16
URI: https://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/83309

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