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Estimation of diffusion coefficients in NiCoFeCrAl multi-principal element alloy following an inventive design strategy of diffusion couples

Dash, A and Bhattacharyya, S and Paul, A (2023) Estimation of diffusion coefficients in NiCoFeCrAl multi-principal element alloy following an inventive design strategy of diffusion couples. In: Acta Materialia, 260 .

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.actamat.2023.119296


An inventive design strategy of producing the diffusion couples for intersecting the diffusion paths in multicomponent space is described in Ni-Co-Fe-Cr-Al multi-principal element alloy. This, for the first time, facilitates the estimation of the tracer, intrinsic, and interdiffusion coefficients of all the elements purely experimentally in this quinary system. This was not possible until now following any other experimental methods. The tracer diffusion coefficients estimated in this quinary system are compared with the impurity and tracer diffusion coefficients in pure Ni, and at (or near) equiatomic compositions of binary Ni-Co, ternary Ni-Co-Cr, and quaternary Ni-Co-Fe-Cr systems. The relative mobilities of the elements are found to follow the trend DNi *�DCo *<DFe *�DCr *<DAl * in all the systems. However, the tracer diffusion coefficients of the elements first decrease and then increase with the increasing order of the systems. The contribution of the vacancy wind effect on certain cross-intrinsic diffusion coefficients is found to be very significant and cannot be ignored. The influence of the vacancy wind effect on interdiffusion coefficients is less significant than the intrinsic diffusion coefficients since interdiffusion coefficients are the average of multiple intrinsic diffusion coefficients. This may lead to the wrong statement that the vacancy wind effects are negligible. We have further shown that describing the relative diffusion rates of the elements with main interdiffusion coefficients instead of the tracer diffusion coefficients can be misleading or confusing. Different elements as the dependent variables of interdiffusion coefficients indicate a very different or even opposite trend of relative diffusivities in this system. © 2023 Acta Materialia Inc.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Acta Materialia
Publisher: Acta Materialia Inc
Additional Information: The copyright for this article belongs to the Acta Materialia Inc.
Keywords: Aluminum alloys; Binary alloys; Chromium alloys; Cobalt alloys; Iron alloys; Wind effects; Wind power, Design strategies; Diffusion couple; Interdiffusion; Interdiffusion coefficients; Intrinsic diffusion; Inventive designs; Multi-component diffusion; Muti-principal element alloy; Tracer diffusion coefficients; Vacancy wind effects, Diffusion
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Materials Engineering (formerly Metallurgy)
Date Deposited: 21 Nov 2023 09:14
Last Modified: 21 Nov 2023 09:14
URI: https://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/83186

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