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Energy harvesting using two-dimensional magnesiochromite (MgCr2O4)

Mahapatra, PL and Singh, AK and Tromer, R and Kumbhakar, P and Sinha, SK and Lahiri, B and Kundu, TK and Galvao, DS and Tiwary, CS (2023) Energy harvesting using two-dimensional magnesiochromite (MgCr2O4). In: Materials Today Nano, 23 .

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mtnano.2023.100374


Two-dimensional (2D) materials with high surface activity can be utilized for harvesting energy from small mechanical sources using flexoelectricity. In the present work, we have synthesized an atomically thin 2D spinel MgCr2O4 by a liquid-phase exfoliation process, and characterization shows the preferential exfoliation along the (111) plane with low formation energy. The fabricated flexoelectric device produces an electrical response up to ∼3 V (peak-to-peak voltage) upon pressing and releasing the cell with ∼0.98 N force. Furthermore, the energy harvesting properties of 2D MgCr2O4 are explored by combining bending with other sources of external energy, with applied varying magnetic flux (Vmax = ∼2.6 V) and temperature with 0.9 N force (Vmax = ∼18 V). Our calculations determine that 2D MgCr2O4 has a flexoelectric coefficient of approximately μXZXZ = 0.005 nC/m. Overall, the results indicate that 2D MgCr2O4 is a very promising material for the next generation of self-powered wearable electronics and energy harvesting

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Materials Today Nano
Publisher: Elsevier Ltd
Additional Information: The copyright for this article belongs to the Elsevier Ltd.
Keywords: Device; DFT; Flexoelectricity; MgCr2O4; Two-dimensional material
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Materials Engineering (formerly Metallurgy)
Date Deposited: 07 Aug 2023 05:51
Last Modified: 07 Aug 2023 05:51
URI: https://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/82842

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