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Dynamical Freezing and Scar Points in Strongly Driven Floquet Matter: Resonance vs Emergent Conservation Laws

Haldar, A and Sen, D and Moessner, R and Das, A (2021) Dynamical Freezing and Scar Points in Strongly Driven Floquet Matter: Resonance vs Emergent Conservation Laws. In: Physical Review X, 11 (2).

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevX.11.021008


We consider a clean quantum system subject to strong periodic driving. The existence of a dominant energy scale, hDx, can generate considerable structure in an effective description of a system that, in the absence of the drive, is nonintegrable and interacting, and does not host localization. In particular, we uncover points of freezing in the space of drive parameters (frequency and amplitude). At those points, the dynamics is severely constrained due to the emergence of an almost exact, local conserved quantity, which scars the entire Floquet spectrum by preventing the system from heating up ergodically, starting from any generic state, even though it delocalizes over an appropriate subspace. At large drive frequencies, where a naïve Magnus expansion would predict a vanishing effective (average) drive, we devise instead a strong-drive Magnus expansion in a moving frame. There, the emergent conservation law is reflected in the appearance of the "integrability"of an effective Hamiltonian. These results hold for a wide variety of Hamiltonians, including the Ising model in a transverse field in any dimension and for any form of Ising interaction. The phenomenon is also shown to be robust in the presence of two-body Heisenberg interactions with any arbitrary choice of couplings. Furthermore, we construct a real-time perturbation theory that captures resonance phenomena where the conservation breaks down, giving way to unbounded heating. This approach opens a window on the low-frequency regime where the Magnus expansion fails.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Physical Review X
Publisher: American Physical Society
Additional Information: The copyright for this article belongs to the Author.
Keywords: Expansion; Freezing; Ising model; Perturbation techniques; Physical properties, Conserved quantity; Drive parameters; Effective Hamiltonian; Floquet spectrum; Heisenberg interaction; Perturbation theory; Resonance phenomena; Transverse field, Hamiltonians
Department/Centre: Division of Physical & Mathematical Sciences > Centre for High Energy Physics
Date Deposited: 31 Jul 2023 13:00
Last Modified: 31 Jul 2023 13:00
URI: https://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/82696

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