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Structural, Optical, and Magnetic Properties of PMMA-Magnetite (Fe3O4) Composites: Role of Magneto-Conducting Filler Particles

Shankar, U and Kumar, A and Chaurasia, SK and Kumar, P and Latif, FA and Yahya, MZA (2023) Structural, Optical, and Magnetic Properties of PMMA-Magnetite (Fe3O4) Composites: Role of Magneto-Conducting Filler Particles. In: Journal of Electronic Materials .

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11664-023-10400-2


The preparation and characterization of ultrafine superparamagnetic Fe3O4 (magnetite) nanoparticles and their composites with the PMMA polymer matrix are described. The cubic structure with space group (Fd3 ¯ m) of the nanofiller particle Fe3O4 is revealed by x-ray diffraction (XRD) studies. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS) were used to examine the microstructure and elemental compositions of PMMA-Fe3O4 polymer composites. The interaction of the filler particles with the characteristic functional group of the polymer PMMA was detected using Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). UV-spectroscopy studies revealed that PMMA-Fe3O4 nanocomposite films have tunable energy band gap properties, with the band gap decreasing as the magnetite filler particles (Fe3O4) in the polymer matrix increased. Magnetic measurements revealed the superparamagnetic nature of the Fe3O4 nanoparticles at room temperature, which was also found to be present in the nanocomposites. These nanocomposites were found to be ferrimagnetic at low temperatures (5 K) similar to that of the nanoparticles (Fe3O4). The blocking temperature (TB) of the nanocomposites was found to increase with the superparamagnetic Fe3O4 nanoparticle content, while the saturation magnetization (Ms) of the polymer nanocomposites decreased consistently. The Ms value was also estimated using TGA data, and the Ms values of different nanoparticles and nanocomposites calculated via TGA correlates with those determined from VSM analysis.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Journal of Electronic Materials
Publisher: Springer
Additional Information: The copyright of this article belongs to Springer.
Keywords: Energy dispersive spectroscopy; Energy gap; Filled polymers; Fillers; Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy; Magnetite nanoparticles; Nanocomposite films; Nanocomposites; Nanomagnetics; Polymer films; Polymer matrix composites; Saturation magnetization; Scanning electron microscopy; Superparamagnetism; Conducting fillers; Fe3O4 nanoparticle; Filler particles; PMMA polymers; Polymer matrices; Polymer–magnetite composite; S values; Superparamagnetics; Ultra-fines; Ultrafine; Magnetite
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Materials Engineering (formerly Metallurgy)
Date Deposited: 14 Jun 2023 08:37
Last Modified: 14 Jun 2023 08:37
URI: https://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/81872

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