ePrints@IIScePrints@IISc Home | About | Browse | Latest Additions | Advanced Search | Contact | Help

Epigenetic reader BRD4 supports mycobacterial pathogenesis by co-modulating host lipophagy and angiogenesis

Mukherjee, T and Bhatt, B and Prakhar, P and Lohia, GK and Rajmani, RS and Balaji, KN (2021) Epigenetic reader BRD4 supports mycobacterial pathogenesis by co-modulating host lipophagy and angiogenesis. In: Autophagy .

Aut_ope_acc_2021.pdf - Published Version

Download (9MB) | Preview
Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1080/15548627.2021.1936355


Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb)-driven lipid accumulation is intricately associated with the progression of tuberculosis (TB) disease. Although several studies elucidating the mechanisms for lipid droplet (LD) biosynthesis exist, we provide evidence for the significance of their regulated turnover via macroautophagy/autophagy during Mtb infection. We demonstrate that Mtb utilizes EGFR (epidermal growth factor receptor) signaling to induce the expression of the histone acetylation reader, BRD4 (bromodomain containing 4). The EGFR-BRD4 axis suppresses lipid-specific autophagy, and hence favors cellular lipid accumulation. Specifically, we found that pharmacological inhibition or knockdown of Egfr or Brd4 enhances autophagic flux and concomitantly decreases cellular LDs that is otherwise maintained at a significant level in chloroquine-treated or Atg5 knocked down autophagy-compromised host cells. In line with the enhanced lipophagy, we found that loss of EGFR or BRD4 function restricts mycobacterial burden that is rescued by external replenishment with oleic acid. We also report that the EGFR-BRD4 axis exerts additional effects by modulating pro-angiogenic gene expression and consequently aberrant angiogenesis during mycobacterial infection. This is important in the context of systemic Mtb dissemination as well as for the efficient delivery of anti-mycobacterial therapeutics to the Mtb-rich core of TB granuloma. Finally, utilizing an in vivo mouse model of TB, we show that pharmacological inhibition of EGFR and BRD4 compromises LD buildup via enhanced lipophagy and normalizes angiogenesis, thereby restricting Mtb burden and rescuing mice from severe TB-like pathology. These findings shed light on the novel roles of BRD4 during Mtb infection, and its possible implication in potentiating anti-TB responses. Abbreviations: ATG5: autophagy related 5; BRDs: bromodomain containing; COL18A1: collagen type XVIII alpha 1 chain; EGFR: epidermal growth factor receptor; EP300: E1A binding protein p300; KDR: kinase insert domain receptor; KLF5: Kruppel like factor 5; LDs: lipid droplets; MAP1LC3B: microtubule associated protein 1 light chain 3 beta; Mtb: Mycobacterium tuberculosis; PECAM1: platelet and endothelial cell adhesion molecule 1; SQSTM1/p62: sequestosome 1; TB: tuberculosis; THBS1: thrombospondin 1; VEGF: vascular endothelial growth factor.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Autophagy
Publisher: Taylor and Francis Ltd.
Additional Information: The copyright for this article belongs to the Authors.
Keywords: Angiogenesis; bromodomain-containing protein BRD4; EGFR; lipid droplets; lipophagy; Mycobacterium tuberculosis
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Microbiology & Cell Biology
Division of Biological Sciences > Centre for Infectious Disease Research
Date Deposited: 06 Jun 2023 10:08
Last Modified: 06 Jun 2023 10:08
URI: https://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/81815

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item