ePrints@IIScePrints@IISc Home | About | Browse | Latest Additions | Advanced Search | Contact | Help

Chromatic symmetric function of graphs from Borcherds algebras

Arunkumar, G (2021) Chromatic symmetric function of graphs from Borcherds algebras. In: Journal of Combinatorial Theory. Series A, 183 .

jou_com_the_183_2021.pdf - Published Version

Download (518kB) | Preview
Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcta.2021.105492


The Weyl denominator identity has interesting combinatorial properties for several classes of Lie algebras. Along these lines, we prove that given a finite graph G, the chromatic symmetric function XG can be recovered from the Weyl denominator identity of a Borcherds-Kac-Moody Lie algebra g whose associated graph is G. This gives a connection between (a) the coefficients appearing when the chromatic symmetric function XG is expressed in terms of the power sum symmetric functions, and (b) the root multiplicities of the Borcherds algebra g. From this result, we deduce a Lie theoretic proof of various alternate expressions of the chromatic symmetric function obtained by Stanley. Examples using small rank Lie algebras are provided to illustrate our results. The absolute value of the linear coefficient of the chromatic polynomial of G is known as the chromatic discriminant of G. As an application of our main theorem, we identify a coefficient appearing in XG, which equals the chromatic discriminant. We also find a connection between the Weyl denominator and the G-elementary symmetric functions. Using this connection, we give a Lie theoretic proof of the non-negativity of coefficients of G-power sum symmetric functions.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Journal of Combinatorial Theory. Series A
Publisher: Academic Press Inc.
Additional Information: The copyright for this article belongs to the Authors.
Keywords: Borcherds algebras; Chromatic symmetric functions; Free partially commutative Lie algebras; G-symmetric functions; Weyl denominator identity
Department/Centre: Division of Physical & Mathematical Sciences > Mathematics
Date Deposited: 05 Jun 2023 10:51
Last Modified: 05 Jun 2023 10:51
URI: https://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/81772

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item