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Probing of the physical characteristics of antiferroelectric Pb(Zr0.6Ti0.4)O3; PZT (60/40) ceramics

Kumar, S and Singh, DN and James, AR and Mahato, DK (2023) Probing of the physical characteristics of antiferroelectric Pb(Zr0.6Ti0.4)O3; PZT (60/40) ceramics. In: Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics, 34 (10).

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10854-023-10239-7


As the popular candidate of lead-based ferroelectric materials, lead zirconate titanate, PZT (60/40), was developed by a conventional sintering process. The X-ray diffraction (XRD) study at room temperature confirmed a single tetragonal (P4mm symmetry) phase. Scanning electron micrograph (SEM) exhibits grains of different shapes and sizes with an average grain size of 0.5 µm. Energy dispersive X-Ray analysis (EDS) shows well-resolved peaks of all constituent elements. Systematic studies on dielectric characteristics of PZT compound show ferroelectric—paraelectric phase transition. The plot of M″ vs. M′, PZT (60/40) revealed the contribution of grain effect in the sample. The electrical conductivity analysis suggests the semiconducting-like behavior in the compound. The ac conductivity spectra obeyed Jonscher's universal power law. We observed two different conduction mechanisms with varying activation energies: 0.990 eV and 0.931 eV in high and low-frequency regions. Scaling of modulus and conductivity spectra exhibits dynamical processes in the sample. The polarization vs. electric field obtained from the sample shows double hysteresis and does not saturate for all the measured fields. The compound showed an electro-strain of 0.15% at 40 kV/cm and an antiferroelectric feature with small remnant polarization (Pr) at 1.23 μC/cm2.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics
Publisher: Springer
Additional Information: The copyright for this article belongs to Springer.
Keywords: Activation energy; Antiferroelectricity; Electric fields; Energy dispersive X ray analysis; Ferroelectric ceramics; Ferroelectricity; Lead zirconate titanate; Polarization; Scanning electron microscopy; Sintering, Anti ferroelectrics; Conductivity spectra; Conventional sintering; Ferroelectrics materials; Lead zirconate titanate; Lead zirconate-titanate; Physical characteristics; PZT; Sintering process; X-ray diffraction studies, X ray diffraction analysis
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Materials Engineering (formerly Metallurgy)
Date Deposited: 23 May 2023 03:23
Last Modified: 23 May 2023 03:23
URI: https://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/81562

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