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Salmonella Typhimurium PgtE is an essential arsenal to defend against the host resident antimicrobial peptides

Chatterjee, R and Chowdhury, AR and Nair, AV and Hajra, D and Kar, A and Datey, A and Shankar, S and Mishra, RK and Chandra, N and Chakravortty, D (2023) Salmonella Typhimurium PgtE is an essential arsenal to defend against the host resident antimicrobial peptides. In: Microbiological Research, 271 .

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.micres.2023.127351


Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium is a common cause of gastroenteritis in humans and occasionally causes systemic infection. Salmonella's ability to survive and replicate within macrophages is an important characteristic during systemic infection. The outer membrane protease PgtE of S. enterica is a member of the Omptin family of outer membrane aspartate proteases which has well-characterized proteolytic activities in-vitro against a wide range of physiologically relevant substrates. However, no study has been done so far that draws a direct correlation between these in-vitro observations and the biology of the pathogen in-vivo. The main goals of this study were to characterize the pathogenesis-associated functions of pgtE and study its role in the intracellular survival and in-vivo virulence of Salmonella Typhimurium. Our study elucidated a possible role of Salmonella Typhimurium pgtE in combating host antimicrobial peptide- bactericidal/ permeability increasing protein (BPI) to survive in human macrophages. The pgtE-deficient strain of Salmonella showed attenuated proliferation and enhanced colocalization with BPI in U937 and Thp1 cells. In the presence of polymixin B, the attenuated in-vitro survival of STM ΔpgtE suggested a role of PgtE against the antimicrobial peptides. In addition, our study revealed that compared to the wild type Salmonella, the pgtE mutant is replication-deficient in C57BL/6 mice. Further, we showed that PgtE interacts directly with several antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) in the host gut. This gives the pathogen a survival advantage and helps to mount a successful infection in the host

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Microbiological Research
Publisher: Elsevier GmbH
Additional Information: The copyright for this article belongs to Elsevier GmbH.
Keywords: Arsenals; Macrophages; Mammals; Peptides, Antimicrobial peptide; Bactericidal/ permeability-increasing protein; In-vitro; In-vivo; Membrane protease; Omptin; Outer membrane; Outer membrane protease; Salmonella typhimurium, Salmonella, antimicrobial activity; enzyme activity; gastroenteritis; membrane; pathogen; peptide; permeability; protein
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Biochemistry
Division of Biological Sciences > Microbiology & Cell Biology
Division of Interdisciplinary Sciences > Centre for Biosystems Science and Engineering
Date Deposited: 02 May 2023 09:18
Last Modified: 02 May 2023 09:18
URI: https://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/81241

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