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Chiral perturbation theory: reflections on effective theories of the standard model

Ananthanarayan, B and Khan, MSAA and Wyler, D (2023) Chiral perturbation theory: reflections on effective theories of the standard model. In: Indian Journal of Physics .

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12648-023-02591-5


The pseudoscalar particles pions, kaons and the η-particle are considerably lighter than the other hadrons such as protons or neutrons. Their lightness was understood as a consequence of approximate chiral symmetry breaking. This led to current algebra, a way to express the relations imposed by the symmetry breaking. It was realized by Weinberg that because of their low mass, it is possible to formulate a purely pionic (effective) field theory at experimental energies, which carries all information on the (non-perturbative) dynamics, symmetries, and their spontaneous breaking of quantum chromodynamics (QCD) and allows for systematic calculations of observables. In this review, we trace these developments and present recent activities in this field. We make the connection to other effective theories, more generally introduced by Wilson, as approximate field theories at low energies. Indeed, principles and paradigms introduced first for pions have become ubiquitous in particle physics and the standard model. Lastly, we turn to the latest development where the present (fundamental) standard model itself is considered as an effective field theory of a—yet to be formulated—even more fundamental theory. We also discuss important techniques that were developed in order to turn chiral perturbation theory into a predictive framework and briefly review some connections between lattice QCD and chiral perturbation theory (ChPT). © 2023, Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Indian Journal of Physics
Publisher: Springer
Additional Information: The copyright for this article belongs to the Authors.
Keywords: Chiral perturbation theory; Effective field theories; Perturbation theory; Strong interaction
Department/Centre: Division of Physical & Mathematical Sciences > Centre for High Energy Physics
Date Deposited: 25 Feb 2023 08:21
Last Modified: 25 Feb 2023 08:21
URI: https://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/80689

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