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Removal of Pb ions using green Co3O4 nanoparticles: Simulation, modeling, adsorption, and biological studies

Singh, S and N, P and Naik, TSSK and Basavaraju, U and Thamaraiselvan, C and Behera, SK and Kour, R and Dwivedi, P and Subramanian, S and Khan, NA and Singh, J and Ramamurthy, PC (2023) Removal of Pb ions using green Co3O4 nanoparticles: Simulation, modeling, adsorption, and biological studies. In: Environmental Research, 222 .

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2023.115335


Chemical co-precipitation synthesized novel and green cobalt-oxide nanoparticles (Co3O4-NPs) utilizing cobalt nitrate as cobalt precursors. FTIR, Raman, scanning electron microscopy, UV visible, X-ray powder diffraction, and BET was used to analyze the surface characteristics, composition, and morphology, of the NPs. These green Co3O4-NPs were employed to remove Pb ions from simulated wastewater solutions at various pH, adsorbate, temperature, and dose concentrations. At dose 20 mg/L, pH 6.0, 20 mg/L (Pb(II) solution, 25 °C of temperature, and 45 min for equilibrium, nearly 99.44 of Pb ions were removed. To evaluate the kinetic data, four different kinetic equations were used. The data fit the Elovich rate equation better than the other three models. Thermodynamic and isothermal studies were also evaluated, and the maximum adsorption capacity of 450.45 mg/g was observed at 298.15 K. 0.1 M HNO3, and 0.1 HCl were used to regenerate used Co3O4-NPs. Simulation results show the strong correlation of the Co atom in the Co3O4-NPs generates active delocalized surface states, which are energetically most favorable for heavy metal (Pb ions) adsorption and removal, supporting the experimental outcomes. In concluding remarks, green Co3O4-NPs can also be used as an adsorbent to remove Pb ions from wastewater bodies. © 2023 Elsevier Inc.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Environmental Research
Publisher: Academic Press Inc.
Additional Information: The copyright for this article belongs to Academic Press Inc.
Keywords: Adsorption; Artemisia absinthium; Biological studies; Cobalt oxide nanoparticles; Green synthesis
Department/Centre: Division of Interdisciplinary Sciences > Interdisciplinary Centre for Energy Research
Division of Interdisciplinary Sciences > Interdisciplinary Centre for Water Research
Division of Mechanical Sciences > Materials Engineering (formerly Metallurgy)
Date Deposited: 21 Feb 2023 03:22
Last Modified: 21 Feb 2023 03:22
URI: https://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/80541

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