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ZnSxSe1−x thin films: A study into its tunable energy band gap property using an experimental and theoretical approach

Ray, S and Barman, B and Darshan, C and Tarafder, K and Bangera, KV (2022) ZnSxSe1−x thin films: A study into its tunable energy band gap property using an experimental and theoretical approach. In: Solar Energy, 240 . pp. 140-146.

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.solener.2022.05.019


In recent times, ZnS and ZnSe thin films are drawing tremendous attention towards opto-electrical devices due to their optimal wide band gap energy. By alloying ZnS and ZnSe films to obtain ZnSxSe1−x thin films, the band gap of the ZnSxSe1−x film can be tuned to a value according to the device requirements. Herein, ZnSxSe1−x thin films were deposited on pre-cleaned glass substrates using a thermal evaporation system and the various properties of the obtained thin films were analyzed by altering the percentage of sulfur concentration in the films. The XRD analysis illustrated that the prepared films are polycrystalline in nature and oriented along cubic (1 1 1) plane. The deviation of (1 1 1) preferential peak position with composition ‘x’ along the absence of any secondary peaks confirms the formation of ternary ZnSxSe1−x thin films. DFT analysis verifies the formation of pristine ZnSxSe1−x alloy system. FESEM micrographs displayed that the ZnSxSe1−x thin films do not have any cracks or pinholes. EDAX analysis of the films revealed the existence of Zn, Se and S in an appropriate quantity. Optical analysis revealed the effective band gap tailoring of ZnSxSe1−x thin films. The band gap of the ZnSxSe1−x thin films increases from 2.59 eV to 3.38 eV as the composition ‘x’ varied from 0 to 1 and band composition was determined using the DOS plot obtained using VASP.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Solar Energy
Publisher: Elsevier Ltd
Additional Information: The copyright for this article belongs to the Elsevier Ltd.
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Materials Engineering (formerly Metallurgy)
Date Deposited: 05 Jun 2022 06:10
Last Modified: 05 Jun 2022 06:10
URI: https://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/73103

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