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Effect of Ni on growth kinetics, microstructural evolution and crystal structure in the Cu(Ni)–Sn system

Baheti, Varun A and Kashyap, Sanjay and Kumar, Praveen and Chattopadhyay, Kamanio and Paul, Aloke (2017) Effect of Ni on growth kinetics, microstructural evolution and crystal structure in the Cu(Ni)–Sn system. In: Philosophical Magazine, 97 (21). pp. 1782-1802. ISSN 1478-6435

Full text not available from this repository.
Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1080/14786435.2017.1313466


The role of Ni addition in Cu on the growth of intermetallic compounds in the Cu–Sn system is studied based on microstructure, crystal structure and quantitative diffusion analysis. The diffraction pattern analysis of intermetallic compounds indicates that the presence of Ni does not change their crystal structure. However, it strongly affects the microstructural evolution and diffusion rates of components. The growth rate of (Cu,Ni)3Sn decreases without changing the diffusion coefficient because of the increase in growth rate of (Cu,Ni)6Sn5. For 3 at.% or higher Ni addition in Cu, only the (Cu,Ni)6Sn5 phase grows in the interdiffusion zone. The elongated grains of (Cu,Ni)6Sn5 are found when it is grown from (Cu,Ni)3Sn. This indicates that the newly formed intermetallic compound joins with the existing grains of the phase. On the other hand, smaller grains are found when this phase grows directly from Cu in the absence of (Cu,Ni)3Sn indicating the ease of repeated nucleation. Grain size of (Cu,Ni)6Sn5 decreases with further increase in Ni content, which indicates a further reduction of activation barrier for nucleation. The relations for the estimation of relevant diffusion parameters are established considering the diffusion mechanism in the Cu(Ni)–Sn system, which is otherwise impossible in the phases with narrow homogeneity range in a ternary system. The flux of Sn increases, whereas the flux of Cu decreases drastically with the addition of very small amount of Ni, such as 0.5 at.% Ni, in Cu. Analysis of the atomic mechanism of diffusion indicates the contribution from both lattice and grain boundary for the growth of (Cu,Ni)6Sn5 phase.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Philosophical Magazine
Publisher: Taylor and Francis Ltd.
Additional Information: The copyright for this article belongs to the Taylor and Francis Ltd.
Keywords: crystal structure; Diffusion; microstructure; The Kirkendall effect
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Materials Engineering (formerly Metallurgy)
Date Deposited: 02 Jun 2022 05:37
Last Modified: 02 Jun 2022 05:37
URI: https://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/73033

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