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Digital Twin: From Concept to Practice

Agrawal, A and Fischer, M and Singh, V (2022) Digital Twin: From Concept to Practice. In: Journal of Management in Engineering, 38 (3).


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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)ME.1943-5479.0001034


Recent technological developments and advances in artificial intelligence (AI) have enabled sophisticated capabilities to be a part of digital twins (DTs), virtually making it possible to introduce automation into all aspects of work processes. Given these possibilities that DT can offer, practitioners are facing increasingly difficult decisions regarding what capabilities to select when deploying a DT in practice. The lack of research in this field has not helped. It has resulted in the rebranding and reuse of emerging technological capabilities such as prediction, simulation, AI, and machine learning (ML) as necessary constituents of DT. Inappropriate selection of capabilities in a DT can result in missed opportunities, strategic misalignments, inflated expectations, and the risk of it being rejected as hype by the practitioners. To alleviate this challenge, this paper proposes a digitalization framework, designed and developed by following a design science research (DSR) methodology over a period of 18 months. The framework can help practitioners select an appropriate level of sophistication in a DT by weighing the pros and cons for each level, determining evaluation criteria for the digital twin system, and assessing the implications of the selected DT on the organizational processes and strategies and value creation. Three real-life case studies illustrated the application and usefulness of the framework. © 2022 American Society of Civil Engineers.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Journal of Management in Engineering
Publisher: American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE)
Additional Information: The copyright for this article belongs to the authors.
Keywords: Design-science researches; Evaluation criteria; Organizational strategy; Re-branding; Research methodologies; Reuse; Technological advances; Technological capability; Technological development; Work process, Artificial intelligence
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Centre for Product Design & Manufacturing
Date Deposited: 11 May 2022 16:16
Last Modified: 11 May 2022 16:16
URI: https://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/71616

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