ePrints@IIScePrints@IISc Home | About | Browse | Latest Additions | Advanced Search | Contact | Help

Aluminum Doping and Nanostructuring Enabled Designing of Magnetically Recoverable Hexaferrite Catalysts

Anantharamaiah, PN and Shashanka, HM and Saha, S and Haritha, K and Ramana, CV (2022) Aluminum Doping and Nanostructuring Enabled Designing of Magnetically Recoverable Hexaferrite Catalysts. In: ACS Omega, 7 (8). 6549 -6559.

ACS_ome_7-8_6549-6559_2022.pdf - Published Version

Download (4MB) | Preview
Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1021/acsomega.1c05548


We demonstrate an approach based on substituting a magnetic cation with a carefully chosen isovalent non-magnetic cation to derive catalytic activity from otherwise catalytically inactive magnetic materials. Using the model system considered, the results illustratively present that the catalytically inactive but highly magnetic strontium hexaferrite (SrFe12O19; SFO) system can be transformed into a catalytically active system by simply replacing some of the magnetic cation Fe3+ by a non-magnetic cation Al3+ in the octahedral coordination environment in the SFO nanocrystals. The intrinsic SFO and Al-doped SrFe12O19 (SrFe11.5Al0.5O19; Al-SFO) nanomaterials were synthesized using a simple, eco-friendly tartrate-gel technique, followed by thermal annealing at 850 °C for 2 h. The SFO and Al-SFO were thoroughly characterized for their structure, phase, morphology, chemical bonding, and magnetic characteristics using X-ray diffraction, Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy, and vibrating sample magnetometry techniques. Catalytic performance evaluated toward 4-nitrophenol, which is the toxic contaminant at pharmaceutical industries, reduction reaction using NaBH4 (mild reducing agent), the Al-doped SFO samples exhibit a reasonably good performance compared to intrinsic SFO. The results indicate that the catalytic activity of Al-SFO is due to Al-ions occupying the octahedral sites of the hexaferrite lattice; as these sites are on the surface of the catalyst, they facilitate electron transfer. Furthermore, surface/interface characteristics of nanocrystalline Al-SFO coupled with magnetic properties facilitate the catalyst recovery by simple, inexpensive methods while readily allowing the reusability. Moreover, the activity remains the same even after five successive cycles of experiments. Deriving the catalytic activity from otherwise inactive compounds as demonstrated in the optimized, engineered nanoarchitecture of Al-doped-Sr-hexaferrite may be useful in adopting the approach in exploring further options and designing inexpensive and recyclable catalytic materials for future energy and environmental technologies.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: ACS Omega
Publisher: American Chemical Society
Additional Information: The copyright for this article belongs to the Authors.
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Materials Engineering (formerly Metallurgy)
Date Deposited: 10 Mar 2022 07:32
Last Modified: 01 Jul 2022 05:53
URI: https://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/71529

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item