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Laser-induced deformation and fragmentation of droplets in an array

Rao, DCK and Singh, AP and Basu, S (2022) Laser-induced deformation and fragmentation of droplets in an array. In: International Journal of Multiphase Flow, 148 .

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijmultiphaseflow.2021.10...


Droplet�droplet interactions is ubiquitous in various applications ranging from medical diagnostics to enhancing and optimizing liquid jet propulsion. We employ an experimental technique where the laser pulse interacts with a micron-sized droplet and causes optical breakdown. The interaction of a nanosecond laser pulse and an isolated spherical droplet is accurately controlled and manipulated to influence the deformation and fragmentation of an array of droplets. We elucidate how the fluid dynamic response (such as drop�drop and shock�drop interactions) of an arrangement of droplets can be regulated and optimally shaped by laser pulse energy and its interplay with the optical density of liquid target. A new butterfly type breakup is revealed, which is found to result in controlled and efficient fragmentation of the outer droplets in an array. The spatio-temporal characteristics of a laser-induced breakdown dictate how shock wave and central droplet fragments can influence outer droplets. The incident laser energy and pulse width employed in this work are representative of diverse industrial applications such as surface cleaning, nano-lithography, microelectronics, and medical procedures such as intraocular microsurgery. © 2021 Elsevier Ltd

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: International Journal of Multiphase Flow
Publisher: Elsevier Ltd
Additional Information: The copyright for this article belongs to Elsevier Ltd
Keywords: Diagnosis; Drop breakup; Fluid dynamics; Laser pulses; Microelectronics; Shock waves, Drop interaction; Drop-drop interactions; Droplet arrays; Droplet-droplet interactions; Laser induced; Laser-induced breakup; Laser-induced deformations; Liquid-jet; Medical diagnostics; Shock�drop interaction, Deformation
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Mechanical Engineering
Date Deposited: 24 Jan 2022 06:09
Last Modified: 24 Jan 2022 06:09
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/71013

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