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Fock-space anatomy of eigenstates across the many-body localization transition

Roy, S and Logan, DE (2021) Fock-space anatomy of eigenstates across the many-body localization transition. In: Physical Review B, 104 (17).

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.104.174201


We explore the Fock-space structure of eigenstates across the many-body localization (MBL) transition in a disordered, interacting quantum spin-12 chain. Eigenstate expectation values of spatially local observables, which distinguish an MBL phase from an ergodic one, can be represented in terms of eigenstate amplitudes on the Fock space. Motivated by this, we introduce and study spatial correlations on the Fock space. From these, a correlation length emerges, which is found to vary discontinuously across the MBL transition, and is intimately connected to the discontinuous jump in the multifractal exponents characterizing the Fock-space wave functions. Exploiting the direct connection between the local observables and Fock-space correlations, we show that the discontinuity in the length scale also implies discontinuous behavior of the local observables across the transition. A scaling theory based on these Fock-space correlations is constructed, which is closely connected to that for the inverse participation ratio. It yields a volume scale in the ergodic phase and a length scale in the MBL phase, whose critical properties suggest a Kosterlitz-Thouless-type scenario for the MBL transition, as is predicted by recent phenomenological theories. Finally, we also show how correlation functions on the Fock space reveal the inhomogeneities in eigenstate amplitudes on the Fock space in the MBL phase. © 2021 American Physical Society.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Physical Review B
Publisher: American Physical Society
Additional Information: The copyright for this article belongs to Authors
Keywords: Wave functions, Eigenstates; Ergodics; Fock spaces; Length scale; Local observables; Localisation; Many body; Quantum spin; Space correlation; Space structure, Algebra
Department/Centre: Division of Physical & Mathematical Sciences > Physics
Date Deposited: 03 Dec 2021 08:47
Last Modified: 03 Dec 2021 08:47
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/70617

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