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Efficient Atmospheric and Extra-Atmospheric Interception Through Optimally Biased Proportional Navigation

Shukla, Uday S and Mahapatra, Pravas R (1989) Efficient Atmospheric and Extra-Atmospheric Interception Through Optimally Biased Proportional Navigation. In: IEEE 1989 National Aerospace and Electronics Conference, 1989. NAECON 1989, 22-26 May, Dayton,OH, Vol.1, 159-166.


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Starting from a definition of the biased proportional navigation (PN) law and expression of the trajectory parameters, especially the lateral acceleration, in terms of a nondimensional bias parameter, an analytical minimization is made of the integrated (total) control effort with respect to the bias parameter. It is shown that optimum biasing may lead to significantly more control efficient PN guidance in a wide variety of engagement situations, especially those involving higher target maneuvers. The performance of the optimally biased PN is compared with the standard (unbiased) PN law for the general case of a maneuvering target. The optimum bias is expressed through a simple algebraic equation readily solvable in real time even on small on-board processors. For the special (and very useful) case of the effective navigation being equal to 3, the equation reduces to a quadratic leading to an explicit expression for the optimum bias. Specific examples are provided for interception both inside and outside the atmosphere. It is shown that control effort savings upto a factor of 3 can be achieved through optimum biasing under realistic engagement conditions.

Item Type: Conference Paper
Publisher: IEEE
Additional Information: Copyright 1989 IEEE : Personal use of this material is permitted. However, permission to reprint/republish this material for advertising or promotional purposes or for creating new collective works for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or to reuse any copyrighted component of this work in other works must be obtained from the IEEE.
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Aerospace Engineering(Formerly Aeronautical Engineering)
Date Deposited: 30 May 2006
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 04:27
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/7050

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