ePrints@IIScePrints@IISc Home | About | Browse | Latest Additions | Advanced Search | Contact | Help

A theoretical model of the near-surface shear layer of the Sun

Jha, BK and Choudhuri, AR (2021) A theoretical model of the near-surface shear layer of the Sun. In: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 506 (2). pp. 2189-2198.

mon_not_roy_ast_soc_506-02_2189-2198_2021.pdf - Published Version

Download (3MB) | Preview
Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stab1717


The Sun has a near-surface shear layer (NSSL), within which the angular velocity decreases rapidly with radius. We provide an explanation of this layer based on the thermal wind balance equation. Since convective motions are not affected by solar rotation in the top layer of the convection zone, we argue that the temperature falls at the same rate at all latitudes in this layer. This makes the thermal wind term very large in this layer and the centrifugal term has also to become very large to balance it, giving rise to the NSSL. From the values of differential rotation �(r < rc, θ) at radii less than a radius rc, we can calculate the temperature difference �T(r, θ) with respect to the standard solar model at different points of the convection zone by making use of the thermal wind balance equation. Then, we again use this equation in the top layer to calculate �(r > rc, θ) there from �T(r, θ). We carry on this exercise using both an analytical expression of the differential rotation and the actual data provided by helioseismology. We find that our theoretical results of the NSSL match the observational data reasonably well for rc � 0.96R�, giving an estimate of the radius till which the convective motions are affected by the solar rotation. © 2021 The Author(s) Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Royal Astronomical Society.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Additional Information: The copyright for this article belongs to Authors
Department/Centre: Division of Physical & Mathematical Sciences > Physics
Date Deposited: 21 Sep 2021 09:32
Last Modified: 21 Sep 2021 09:32
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/69772

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item