ePrints@IIScePrints@IISc Home | About | Browse | Latest Additions | Advanced Search | Contact | Help

Dosimetry of pulsed magnetic field towards attaining bacteriostatic effect on Enterococcus faecalis: Implications for endodontic therapy

Naskar, S and Chandan, Chandan and Baskaran, D and Roy Choudhury, AN and Chatterjee, S and Karunakaran, S and Murthy, BVS and Basu, B (2021) Dosimetry of pulsed magnetic field towards attaining bacteriostatic effect on Enterococcus faecalis: Implications for endodontic therapy. In: International Endodontic Journal .

[img] Microsoft Word
iej13580-sup-0001-supinfo.docx - Published Supplemental Material

Download (578kB)
Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1111/iej.13580


Aim: To examine in a laboratory setting the efficacy of moderate to high strength magnetic fields, as a potential bacteriostatic stimulus, against Enterococcus faecalis, one of the causative agents for infection during root canal treatments. Methodology: Four different strengths (1, 2, 3 and 4 T) of the pulsed magnetic field (PMF) were applied in thirty repetitions to bacterial suspension. A pickup coil setup was used to measure the electromotive force induced inside the bacterial suspensions. The optical density (OD) was monitored over time (for 16 h 40 min) during the post-treatment period to assess bacterial growth. Along with the change in OD values, live/dead assay, membrane depolarization study, atomic force microscopy (AFM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and reactive oxygen species (ROS) assay on selected samples were studied to evaluate the effect of PMFs. All results were analysed using one-way ANOVA followed by post hoc Tukey test and considered significant at p <.05. Regression analysis (at a confidence of 95, α = 0.05) was performed on the bacterial growth and membrane depolarization studies to determine progressive changes of the outcomes. Results: The peak value of the induced electromotive force was recorded as 0.25 V, for the 4 T magnetic field pulse with a pulse width of 16 ms. There was a significant arrest of bacterial cell growth after an exposure to PMFs of 1 T, 3 T and 4 T (ANOVA score: F (4, 495) =395.180 at p =.05). The image-based qualitative results of the live/dead assay using fluorescence microscopy techniques indicated that an exposure to higher PMFs (3 T/ 4 T) induced a bacteriostatic effect in a longer post-exposure timescale. Evidence of altered membrane potential within the 2 h of exposure to 4 T PMF was supported by the incidence of elevated ROS. For the ROS assay, a significant difference occurred for 4 T exposed samples (ANOVA score: calculated F (1, 3) =20.2749 at p =.05). SEM and AFM observations corroborated with the outcomes, by portraying significant membrane damage. Conclusion: In a laboratory setting, PMFs with higher magnitudes (3 T and 4 T) were capable of inducing bacteriostatic effects on E. faecalis. © 2021 International Endodontic Journal. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: International Endodontic Journal
Publisher: Blackwell Publishing Ltd
Additional Information: The copyright for this article belongs to Blackwell Publishing Ltd
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Materials Research Centre
Division of Chemical Sciences > Organic Chemistry
Division of Interdisciplinary Sciences > Centre for Biosystems Science and Engineering
Division of Physical & Mathematical Sciences > Physics
Date Deposited: 02 Sep 2021 10:19
Last Modified: 02 Sep 2021 10:27
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/69620

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item