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Effects of Multiple OH/SH Substitution on the H-Bonding/Stability versus Aromaticity of Benzene Rings: From Computational Insights

Pandey, SK and Arunan, E (2021) Effects of Multiple OH/SH Substitution on the H-Bonding/Stability versus Aromaticity of Benzene Rings: From Computational Insights. In: ChemistrySelect, 6 (20). pp. 5120-5139.

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1002/slct.202100689


Properties of intramolecular H-bond (IHB) for a chemical system can affect the changes in geometrical/electronic features in the vicinity of the bridge. Substitution of an atom (H) in benzene with OH/SH groups forming IHB has little effect on its aromaticity. This report is devoted to the depiction of the effect of OH/SH substituent on stability/aromaticity of multi-substituted benzene rings via IHB formation. The computational studies on the stability/aromaticity in the homo (OH/SH) and hetero (OH and SH) substituted form of the benzene systems have been investigated using B3LYP/aug-cc-pVDZ and MP2/aug-cc-pVDZ approaches with the aid of aromaticity indices (AIs) descriptors (NICS, HOMA, AIBIC, and PDI) and IHB/stability diagnostics; relative energy, QTAIM based interaction energy acquired from the potential energy density and electron density, HBSBIC, and HOMO-LUMO gap including NCI plots. The IHBs formed by different OH/SH substituents have a vital role as an aromaticity modulator and deploying the above-said tools, it turns out that the cyclic 4n+2 �-electrons delocalization is weakened/strengthened depending on the number and types of OH/SH substituents forming the IHBs. Here, all the AIs vary in a small amount and indicative of the modulator of the �-electron structure to the substituent effect via IHB formation. As in practical applications, the diagnostics based on different criteria do not speak with the same voice, hence interestingly, in many cases, the changes in AIs notably correlate with their stability. © 2021 Wiley-VCH GmbH

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: ChemistrySelect
Publisher: John Wiley and Sons Inc
Additional Information: The copyright for this article belongs to John Wiley and Sons Inc
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Inorganic & Physical Chemistry
Date Deposited: 02 Aug 2021 10:47
Last Modified: 02 Aug 2021 10:47
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/69015

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