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Turbulent density and pressure fluctuations in the stratified intracluster medium

Mohapatra, R and Federrath, C and Sharma, P (2021) Turbulent density and pressure fluctuations in the stratified intracluster medium. In: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 500 (4). pp. 5072-5087.

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Official URL: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/mnras/staa3564


Turbulent gas motions are observed in the intracluster medium (ICM). The ICM is density-stratified, with the gas density being highest at the centre of the cluster and decreasing radially outwards. As a result of this, Kolmogorov (homogeneous, isotropic) turbulence theory does not apply to the ICM. The gas motions are instead explained by anisotropic stratified turbulence, with the stratification quantified by the perpendicular Froude number (FrT). These turbulent motions are associated with density and pressure fluctuations, which manifest as perturbations in X-ray surface brightness maps of the ICM and as thermal Sunyaev-Zeldovich effect (SZ) fluctuations, respectively. In order to advance our understanding of the relations between these fluctuations and the turbulent gas velocities, we have conducted 100 high-resolution hydrodynamic simulations of stratified turbulence (2562 � 384-10242 � 1536 resolution elements), in which we scan the parameter space of subsonic rms Mach number (M), FrT, and the ratio of entropy and pressure scale heights (RPS = HP/HS), relevant to the ICM. We develop a new scaling relation between the standard deviation of logarithmic density fluctuations (�s, where s = ln (��), M, and FrT, which covers both the strongly stratified (FrT 1) and weakly stratified (FrT � 1) turbulence regimes: �s2= (1+b2M4+0.10/(Frperp +0.25Frperp)2 M2RPS), where b �1/3 for solenoidal turbulence driving studied here. We further find that logarithmic pressure fluctuations �(ln P/ < P >) are independent of stratification and scale according to the relation �(P)2=ln (1+b2γ2M4, where P=P P and γis the adiabatic index of the gas. We have tested these scaling relations to be valid over the parameter ranges M = 0.01-0.40, FrT = 0.04-10.0, and RPS = 0.33-2.33. © 2020 The Author(s) Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Royal Astronomical Society.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Additional Information: The copyright of this article belongs to Oxford University Press
Department/Centre: Division of Physical & Mathematical Sciences > Physics
Date Deposited: 16 Feb 2021 06:24
Last Modified: 16 Feb 2021 06:24
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/67931

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