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Decentralized treatment and recycling of greywater from a school in rural India

Subramanian, PSG and Raj, AV and Jamwal, P and Connelly, S and Yeluripati, J and Richards, S and Ellis, R and Rao, L (2020) Decentralized treatment and recycling of greywater from a school in rural India. In: Journal of Water Process Engineering, 38 .

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Official URL: https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jwpe.2020.101695


Rural areas in developing countries face the twin challenges of water scarcity and risk of groundwater contamination due to lack of water treatment options. A decentralized greywater treatment system for reuse is an option that addresses both of these challenges. This study reports the performance of a decentralized greywater treatment and reuse system which was constructed and operated for over 12 months in a government-managed school in rural India. The handwash and kitchen wash wastewater streams were treated separately due to differences in the initial greywater characteristics. The treatment stages included pre-treatment using screens and grease traps, slow sand biofiltration combined with anaerobic sludge bioreactor, and aeration before the final ozone-based disinfection stage. The treated water at the end of all these stages was used for toilet-flushing in the school. The treatment system was operated for one year and sampling was performed to investigate the system performance. The overall treatment system showed removal efficiencies of 99 , 98 , 66 , 73 , 98 , 96 and >99.99 for the parameters of turbidity, total suspended solids, nitrate, total phosphorus, biological oxygen demand (5 days), chemical oxygen demand and fecal coliform respectively. This study quantifies the performance of each subsystem and demonstrates for the first time that a decentralized greywater treatment can be operated effectively and economically in a rural Indian setting. © 2020 Elsevier Ltd

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Journal of Water Process Engineering
Publisher: Elsevier Ltd
Additional Information: copyright to this article belongs to Elsevier Ltd
Keywords: Decentralized Greywater Water treatment Water recycling Biofiltration Plasma ozonation
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Centre for Sustainable Technologies (formerly ASTRA)
Date Deposited: 24 Nov 2020 09:28
Last Modified: 24 Nov 2020 09:28
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/66893

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