ePrints@IIScePrints@IISc Home | About | Browse | Latest Additions | Advanced Search | Contact | Help

Groundwater connectivity of a sheared gneiss aquifer in the Cauvery River basin, India

L. Collins, S and Loveless, SE and Muddu, S and Buvaneshwari, S and Palamakumbura, RN and Krabbendam, M and Lapworth, DJ and Jackson, CR and Gooddy, DC and Nara, SNV and Chattopadhyay, S and MacDonald, AM (2020) Groundwater connectivity of a sheared gneiss aquifer in the Cauvery River basin, India. In: Hydrogeology Journal, 28 (4). pp. 1371-1388.

HYD_GEO_JOU_28_4_1371-1388_2020.pdf - Published Version

Download (2MB) | Preview
Official URL: https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10040-020-02140-y


Connectivity of groundwater flow within crystalline-rock aquifers controls the sustainability of abstraction and baseflow to rivers, yet is often poorly constrained at a catchment scale. Here groundwater connectivity in a sheared gneiss aquifer is investigated by studying the intensively abstracted Berambadi catchment (84 km2) in the Cauvery River Basin, southern India, with geological characterisation, aquifer properties testing, hydrograph analysis, hydrochemical tracers and a numerical groundwater flow model. The study indicates a well-connected system, both laterally and vertically, that has evolved with high abstraction from a laterally to a vertically dominated flow system. Likely as a result of shearing, a high degree of lateral connectivity remains at low groundwater levels. Because of their low storage and logarithmic reduction in hydraulic conductivity with depth, crystalline-rock aquifers in environments such as this, with high abstraction and variable seasonal recharge, constitute a highly variable water resource, meaning farmers must adapt to varying water availability. Importantly, this study indicates that abstraction is reducing baseflow to the river, which, if also occurring in other similar catchments, will have implications downstream in the Cauvery River Basin. © 2020, British Geological Survey.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Hydrogeology Journal
Publisher: Springer
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belongs to Springer
Keywords: Crystalline rocks . Conceptual models . Fractured rocks . India . Hydrochemistry
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Civil Engineering
Date Deposited: 21 Sep 2020 06:11
Last Modified: 21 Sep 2020 16:31
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/65317

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item