ePrints@IIScePrints@IISc Home | About | Browse | Latest Additions | Advanced Search | Contact | Help

Enhanced Light-Absorption of Black Carbon in Rainwater Compared With Aerosols Over the Northern Indian Ocean

Budhavant, K and Andersson, A and Holmstrand, H and Bikkina, P and Bikkina, S and Satheesh, SK and Gustafsson, A (2020) Enhanced Light-Absorption of Black Carbon in Rainwater Compared With Aerosols Over the Northern Indian Ocean. In: Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 125 (2).

jou_geo_res_atm_125-02_2020.pdf - Published Version

Download (5MB) | Preview
[img] Microsoft Word
jgrd55954-sup-0001-2019jd031246-text_si (1).docx - Published Supplemental Material

Download (2MB)
Official URL: https://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2019JD031246


Black carbon (BC) aerosols affect climate, especially in high aerosol loading regions such as South Asia. A key uncertainty for the climate effects of BC is the evolution of light-absorbing properties in the atmosphere. Here, we present a year-round comparison of the mass absorption cross section (MAC; 678 nm) of BC in air (PM10) and rain, for samples collected at the Maldives Climate Observatory at Hanimaadhoo. We develop a filter-loading correction scheme for estimating BC absorption on filters used in high-volume samplers. The year-round average MAC678 of BC in the rain is almost twice (13.3 ± 4.2 m2/g) compared to the PM10 aerosol (7.2 ± 2.6 m2/g). A possible explanation is the elevated ratio of organic carbon (OC) to BC observed in rain particulate matter (9.4 ± 6.3) compared to in the aerosols (OC/BC 2.6 ± 1.4 and water-insoluble organic carbon/BC 1.2 ± 0.8), indicating a coating-enhancement effect. In addition to BC, we also investigated the MAC365 of water-soluble brown carbon in PM10 (0.4 ± 0.4 m2/g, at 365 nm). In contrast to BC, MAC365brown carbon relates to air mass history, showing higher values for samples from air originating over the South Asian landmass. Furthermore, calculated washout ratios are much lower for BC compared to OC and inorganic ions such as sulfate, implying a longer atmospheric lifetime for BC. The wet deposition flux for BC during the high loading winter was 3 times higher than during the wet summer, despite much less precipitation in the winter. ©2019. The Authors.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres
Additional Information: The copyright of this article belongs to AMER GEOPHYSICAL UNION
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Divecha Centre for Climate Change
Division of Mechanical Sciences > Centre for Atmospheric & Oceanic Sciences
Date Deposited: 18 Aug 2020 06:23
Last Modified: 18 Aug 2020 06:23
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/64703

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item