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Phenomenology of disruptive breakup mechanism of a levitated evaporating emulsion droplet

Chaitanya Kumar Rao, D and Basu, S (2020) Phenomenology of disruptive breakup mechanism of a levitated evaporating emulsion droplet. In: Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science, 115 .

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Official URL: https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.expthermflusci.2020.1...


Atomization of emulsion droplets is ubiquitous across a variety of application domains ranging from NextGen combustors to fabrication of biomedical implants. An understanding of the atomization mechanism in emulsions can result in a paradigm shift in customized designs of efficient systems, be it in energy or biotechnology sectors. In this paper, we specifically study the breakup mechanism of an evaporating contact-free (acoustic levitation) emulsion droplet (water-oil) under external heating. Three distinct regimes are observed during the lifespan of the evaporating droplet. Initially, the droplet diameter regresses linearly with time, followed by vapor bubble nucleation due to a significant difference in the boiling temperature among the components of the emulsion. The collapse of this bubble results in a high-intensity breakup of the droplet leading to the propulsion of residual liquid in the form of a crown-like sheet. The area of the expanding crown varies linearly with the square of the time. It is hypothesized that the expansion of the liquid sheet centrifuges the larger water sub-droplets towards the edge, resulting in unique spatial segregation. Subsequently, we report the first observation of complex patches (representing water sub-droplets) and the rupture of the thin sheet adjacent to patches into holes (with hole growth rate ranging from 1.2 to 1.4 m/s) in the context of an evaporating isolated emulsion droplet. The hole formation results in the creation of ligaments which undergo breakup into secondary droplets with Sauter mean diameter (SMD) � 50 µm.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science
Publisher: Elsevier Inc.
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Inc.
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Mechanical Engineering
Date Deposited: 16 Jun 2020 10:32
Last Modified: 16 Jun 2020 10:32
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/64682

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