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Evaporating spray characteristics of a diesel-ethanol micro-emulsion

Boggavarapu, Prasad and Ravikrishna, R (2019) Evaporating spray characteristics of a diesel-ethanol micro-emulsion. In: FUEL, 246 . pp. 104-107.

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Official URL: https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fuel.2019.02.035


In the present study, evaporating spray characteristics of a diesel-ethanol micro-emulsion are reported for the first time under realistic engine-like conditions. A diesel-ethanol emulsion has been prepared by using 60% diesel, 20% anhydrous ethanol and 20% JME as an emulsifier. The evaporating spray characteristics in terms of liquid penetration, vapour penetration, liquid length and spread angle have been measured for the emulsion and compared with those of diesel. A high-pressure chamber with optical access is used in the present study for spray characterization. The chamber is filled with nitrogen which is heated to reach a final experimental condition of 50-bar pressure and 900-K temperature. A custom-made single-hole nozzle with a hole size of 190-mu m has been used for the study. Surprisingly, the results have shown that the liquid penetration and the vapour penetration of the emulsion match closely with those of diesel showing no influence of droplet micro-explosion on spray characteristics. It is surmised that the enhanced rate of evaporation is compensated by evaporative cooling of low boiling point fuel and higher boiling point of JME leading to similar liquid length for the emulsion and diesel.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: FUEL
Additional Information: The copyright to this article belongs to ELSEVIER SCI LTD
Keywords: Diesel-ethanol emulsion; Evaporating sprays; Diesel sprays; Jatropha methyl ester (JME)
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Mechanical Engineering
Date Deposited: 29 May 2019 12:27
Last Modified: 29 May 2019 12:27
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/62356

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