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Vapor mediated control of microscale flow in sessile droplets

Hegde, Omkar and Chakraborty, Shubhankar and Kabi, Prasenjit and Basu, Saptarshi (2018) Vapor mediated control of microscale flow in sessile droplets. In: PHYSICS OF FLUIDS, 30 (12).

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5054632


Controlling internal flow in evaporating sessile droplets is desirable across applications ranging from lab-on-chip medical diagnostics, DNA profiling to surface patterning. Diffusion limited evaporation in droplets exhibit very low internal flow velocities similar to O(10(-6)) m/s]. Enhancement of internal flow is useful for applications which demand in situ mixing at small scale fluidic systems but limited by the low Reynolds number. To overcome this limitation, we present a non-intrusive methodology to enhance flow inside the droplets without affecting its global evaporation pattern. A highly volatile ethanol droplet is positioned asymmetrically in the vicinity of a water droplet. The ethanol molecules are consequently adsorbed asymmetrically on the air-water interface creating a gradient in surface tension. This causes an internal Marangoni convection with flow rates similar to O (10(3)) times higher than a naturally evaporating water droplet. The inter-droplet distance between ethanol-water is used as a control parameter to vary the strength of Marangoni convection. The flow pattern transitions through several regimes from asymmetric to symmetric double toroid once the ethanol droplet completely evaporates. Experimental flow visualization and quantification by micro-particle image velocimetry have been used alongside simple scaling arguments to quantify the physical mechanism at play. We can also switch between different flow patterns by strategic dispensing of ethanol droplets. Published by AIP Publishing.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to AMER INST PHYSICS
Department/Centre: Division of Interdisciplinary Sciences > Interdisciplinary Centre for Energy Research
Division of Mechanical Sciences > Mechanical Engineering
Date Deposited: 28 Jan 2019 09:29
Last Modified: 28 Jan 2019 09:29
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/61492

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