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Spatially dispersed synapses yield sharply-tuned place cell responses through dendritic spike initiation

Basak, Reshma and Narayanan, Rishikesh (2018) Spatially dispersed synapses yield sharply-tuned place cell responses through dendritic spike initiation. In: JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY-LONDON, 596 (17). pp. 4173-4205.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1113/JP275310


A prominent hypothesis spanning several sensory-perceptual systems implicates spatially clustered synapses in the generation of dendritic spikes that mediate sharply-tuned neuronal responses to input features. In this conductance-based morphologically-precise computational study, we tested this hypothesis by systematically analysing the impact of distinct synaptic and channel localization profiles on sharpness of spatial tuning in hippocampal pyramidal neurons. We found that the generation of dendritic spikes, the emergence of an excitatory ramp in somatic voltage responses, the expression of several intrinsic somatodendritic functional maps and sharp tuning of place-cell responses were all attainable even when iso-feature synapses are randomly dispersed across the dendritic arbor of models with disparate channel combinations. Strikingly, the generation and propagation of dendritic spikes, reliant on dendritic sodium channels and N-methyl-d-asparate receptors, mediated the sharpness of spatial tuning achieved with dispersed synaptic localization. To ensure that our results were not artefacts of narrow parametric choices, we confirmed these conclusions with independent multiparametric stochastic search algorithms spanning thousands of unique models for each synaptic localization scenario.Next, employing virtual knockout models, we demonstrated a vital role for dendritically expressed voltage-gated ion channels, especially the transient potassium channels, in maintaining sharpness of place-cell tuning. Importantly, we established that synaptic potentiation targeted to afferents from one specific place field was sufficient to impart place field selectivity even when intrinsically disparate neurons received randomly dispersed afferents from multiple place field locations. Our results provide quantitative evidence for disparate combinations of channel and synaptic localization profiles to concomitantly yield similar tuning and similar intrinsic properties.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publisher: WILEY
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belong to WILEY, 111 RIVER ST, HOBOKEN 07030-5774, NJ USA
Keywords: active dendrites; computational model; dendritic spikes; hippocampus; place cells; synaptic clustering
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Molecular Biophysics Unit
Date Deposited: 15 Sep 2018 15:51
Last Modified: 15 Sep 2018 15:51
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/60674

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