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Numerical study of rich catalytic combustion of syngas

Pramanik, Santanu and Ravikrishna, RV (2017) Numerical study of rich catalytic combustion of syngas. In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HYDROGEN ENERGY, 42 (26). pp. 16514-16528.

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2017.05.155


The rich catalytic combustion of syngas/air mixtures over platinum has been investigated numerically in a two-dimensional circular channel using steady simulations and detailed hetero-homogeneous chemistry. The channel dimensions are representative of a catalytic monolith. Simulations have been conducted in the pressure range of 1-10 bar and phi = 3-5 with varying inlet velocities, residence time, H-2/CO ratio and CH4 percentage. Detailed kinetic studies including the reaction path diagram (RPD) in a plug flow reactor have also been conducted to understand the kinetic interactions between H-2, CO, and CH4. It has been observed that the homogeneous reaction rates are significant at higher pressures and cannot be neglected, although they were highly localized. The channel temperature significantly affected the relative conversion of H-2 and CO. The kinetic coupling between H-2 and CO oxidation was studied and the reason for the differential consumption of O-2 by the reactants was addressed by analyzing the reaction pathways. The residence time in the channel affected the species oxidation and four operation regimes were identified. Both the water-gas shift reaction and the reverse water -gas shift reaction were observed under varying conditions of pressure and equivalence ratio. The effect of H-2/CO ratio has also been investigated. The present study shows that rich catalytic combustion of syngas is fundamentally different from lean combustion. (C) 2017 Hydrogen Energy Publications LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belongs to the PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD, THE BOULEVARD, LANGFORD LANE, KIDLINGTON, OXFORD OX5 1GB, ENGLAND
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Mechanical Engineering
Date Deposited: 05 Aug 2017 09:06
Last Modified: 29 Sep 2018 06:37
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/57583

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