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Shock wave-boundary layer interaction in supersonic flow over a forward-facing step

Murugan, Jayaprakash N and Govardhan, Raghuraman N (2016) Shock wave-boundary layer interaction in supersonic flow over a forward-facing step. In: JOURNAL OF FLUID MECHANICS, 807 . pp. 258-302.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/jfm.2016.574


We study in the present work a Mach 2.5 flow over a forward-facing step. The focus of the work is the flow ahead of the step, in particular, the unsteady interactions between the shock, the boundary layer and the separation bubble. The primary geometrical parameter in the problem is the ratio of the step height to the incoming boundary layer thickness, h/delta, which is kept fixed at 2. Results are presented from detailed particle image velocimetry (PIV) measurements in two orthogonal planes to obtain a reasonable picture of the whole flow field. The mean velocity field in the central cross-stream or wall-normal (x-y) plane shows that the incoming boundary layer separates upstream of the step forming a large separation bubble ahead of the step, which can be relatively well resolved in PIV measurements compared to the compression ramp cases. Wall pressure fluctuation spectra close to the separation location show a dominant frequency (f) that is two orders of magnitude smaller than the characteristic frequency of the incoming boundary layer (U-infinity/delta), consistent with low-frequency motions of the shock that have received a lot of recent attention (U-infinity = free-stream velocity, delta = boundary layer thickness). PIV measurements in the wall-normal plane show large variations in shock position with time. The shock position measured from velocity data outside the boundary layer is found to be well correlated with the reverse flow area ahead of the step, and weakly correlated to structures in the incoming boundary layer. In contrast, the shock foot, determined from velocity data within the boundary layer, is found to be well correlated to the low-and high-speed streaks in the incoming boundary layer, in addition to the reverse flow area ahead of the step. Instantaneous velocity fields in the spanwise (x-z) plane parallel to the lower wall show that the shock is broadly two-dimensional with small spanwise ripples, while the recirculation region has very large spanwise variations. The spanwise-averaged shock location is found to be well correlated to the most upstream location of the recirculation region over a spanwise length (x(r,min)(sp)). Instantaneous velocity fields show that when some part of the recirculation region is far upstream, the corresponding nearly two-dimensional shock is also far upstream. On the other hand, when x(r,min)(sp) is relatively downstream, the resulting shock is also found to be downstream. Hence, the present results suggest that for the forward-facing step configuration, the large-scale streamwise motions of the shock are mainly correlated to the most upstream point of the recirculation region, which has large spanwise variations.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belongs to the CAMBRIDGE UNIV PRESS, 32 AVENUE OF THE AMERICAS, NEW YORK, NY 10013-2473 USA
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Mechanical Engineering
Date Deposited: 03 Dec 2016 10:08
Last Modified: 03 Dec 2016 10:08
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/55401

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