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Energy loss due to adhesion in longitudinal impact of elastic cylinders

Jayadeep, UB and Bobji, MS and Jog, CS (2014) Energy loss due to adhesion in longitudinal impact of elastic cylinders. In: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF MECHANICS A-SOLIDS, 45 . pp. 20-31.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.euromechsol.2013.11.01...


Adhesive interaction between impacting bodies can cause energy loss, even in an otherwise elastic impact. Adhesion force induces tensile stress in the bodies, which modifies the stress wave profile and influences the restitution behavior. We investigate this effect by developing a finite element framework, which incorporates a Lennard-Jones-type potential for modeling the adhesive interaction between volume elements. With this framework, the classical problems in contact mechanics can be revisited without the restrictive surface-force approximation. In this paper, we study the longitudinal impact of an elastic cylinder on a rigid half-space with adhesion. In the absence of adhesion, this problem reduces to the impact between two identical cylinders in which there is no energy loss. Adhesion causes a fraction of energy in the stress waves to remain in the cylinder as residual stress waves. This apparent loss in kinetic energy is shown to be a unique function of maximum tensile strain energy. We have developed a 1-D model in terms of interaction force parameters, velocity and material properties to estimate the tensile stain energy. We show that this model can be used to predict practically important phenomena like capture wherein the impacting bodies stick together. (C) 2013 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to the GAUTHIER-VILLARS/EDITIONS ELSEVIER, FRANCE
Keywords: Adhesive impact; Stress waves; Finite element method
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Mechanical Engineering
Date Deposited: 01 May 2014 08:57
Last Modified: 01 May 2014 08:57
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/48935

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