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Role of melt convection on optimization of PCM-based heat sink under cyclic heat load

Saha, Sandip K. and Dutta, Pradip (2013) Role of melt convection on optimization of PCM-based heat sink under cyclic heat load. In: Heat Transfer Engineering, 34 (11-12). pp. 950-958.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01457632.2012.753574


In this article, we study the thermal performance of phase-change material (PCM)-based heat sinks under cyclic heat load and subjected to melt convection. Plate fin type heat sinks made of aluminum and filled with PCM are considered in this study. The heat sink is heated from the bottom. For a prescribed value of heat flux, design of such a heat sink can be optimized with respect to its geometry, with the objective of minimizing the temperature rise during heating and ensuring complete solidification of PCM at the end of the cooling period for a given cycle. For given length and base plate thickness of a heat sink, a genetic algorithm (GA)-based optimization is carried out with respect to geometrical variables such as fin thickness, fin height, and the number of fins. The thermal performance of the heat sink for a given set of parameters is evaluated using an enthalpy-based heat transfer model, which provides the necessary data for the optimization algorithm. The effect of melt convection is studied by taking two cases, one without melt convection (conduction regime) and the other with convection. The results show that melt convection alters the results of geometrical optimization.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Heat Transfer Engineering
Publisher: Taylor and Francis Group
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Taylor and Francis Group.
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Mechanical Engineering
Date Deposited: 06 Jan 2014 10:01
Last Modified: 06 Jan 2014 10:01
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/48115

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