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Isolation of a High Affinity Neutralizing Monoclonal Antibody against 2009 Pandemic H1N1 Virus That Binds at the `Sa' Antigenic Site

Shembekar, Nachiket and Mallajosyula, Vamsee Aditya V and Mishra, Arpita and Yeolekar, Leena and Dhere, Rajeev and Kapre, Subhash and Varadarajan, Raghavan and Gupta, Satish Kumar (2013) Isolation of a High Affinity Neutralizing Monoclonal Antibody against 2009 Pandemic H1N1 Virus That Binds at the `Sa' Antigenic Site. In: PLOS ONE, 8 (1).

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0055516


Influenza virus evades host immunity through antigenic drift and shift, and continues to circulate in the human population causing periodic outbreaks including the recent 2009 pandemic. A large segment of the population was potentially susceptible to this novel strain of virus. Historically, monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) have been fundamental tools for diagnosis and epitope mapping of influenza viruses and their importance as an alternate treatment option is also being realized. The current study describes isolation of a high affinity (K-D = 2.1 +/- 0.4 pM) murine MAb, MA2077 that binds specifically to the hemagglutinin (HA) surface glycoprotein of the pandemic virus. The antibody neutralized the 2009 pandemic H1N1 virus in an in vitro microneutralization assay (IC50 = 0.08 mu g/ml). MA2077 also showed hemagglutination inhibition activity (HI titre of 0.50 mu g/ml) against the pandemic virus. In a competition ELISA, MA2077 competed with the binding site of the human MAb, 2D1 (isolated from a survivor of the 1918 Spanish flu pandemic) on pandemic H1N1 HA. Epitope mapping studies using yeast cell-surface display of a stable HA1 fragment, wherein `Sa' and `Sb' sites were independently mutated, localized the binding site of MA2077 within the `Sa' antigenic site. These studies will facilitate our understanding of antigen antibody interaction in the context of neutralization of the pandemic influenza virus.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: PLOS ONE
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to the authors
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Molecular Biophysics Unit
Date Deposited: 01 Apr 2013 11:20
Last Modified: 01 Apr 2013 11:20
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/46251

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