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Analysis of Strain Rates and Microstructural Evaluation during Metal Forming: Role of Surface Texture and Friction

Menezes, Pradeep L and Kishore, * and Kailas, Satish V and Lovell, Michael R (2012) Analysis of Strain Rates and Microstructural Evaluation during Metal Forming: Role of Surface Texture and Friction. In: TRIBOLOGY TRANSACTIONS, 55 (5). pp. 582-589.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10402004.2012.683936


The surface texture of a die plays an important role in friction during metal forming. In the present study, unidirectional and random surface finishes were produced on hardened steel plate surfaces. To understand the influence of surface texture on friction, experiments were conducted using Al-Mg alloy pins that slid against steel plates of different surface textures. In the sliding experiments, a high coefficient of friction was observed when the pins slid perpendicular to the unidirectional grinding marks and low friction occurred when the pins slid on the random surfaces. Finite element simulations were performed using the measured friction values to understand the stress and strain evolutions in the deforming material using dies with various friction. The numerical results showed that the states of stress and strain rates are strongly influenced by the friction at the interface and hence would influence the final material microstructure. To substantiate the numerical results, laboratory compression tests were conducted. Different surface textures were obtained in order to experience different friction values at different locations. A large variation in the microstructure at these locations was observed during experiments, verifying that surface texture and die friction significantly influence fundamental material formation behavior.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to Elsevier SCience
Keywords: Friction; Metal Forming; Surface Texture
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Mechanical Engineering
Division of Mechanical Sciences > Materials Engineering (formerly Metallurgy)
Date Deposited: 17 Oct 2012 07:09
Last Modified: 17 Oct 2012 07:09
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/45185

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