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Effect of Electromagnetic Stirring on Macrosegregation during Solidification of a Binary Alloy

Kumar, A and Dutta, Pradip (2006) Effect of Electromagnetic Stirring on Macrosegregation during Solidification of a Binary Alloy. In: 13th International heat Transfer Conference, August 13-18 2006, Sydney, Australia.

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The effect of electromagnetic stirring of melt on the final macrosegregation in the continuous casting of an aluminium alloy billet is studied numerically. A continuum mixture model for solidification in presence of electromagnetic stirring is presented. As a case study, simulations are performed for direct chill (DC) casting of an Al-Cu alloy and the effect of electromagnetic stirring on macrosegregation is analysed. The model predicts the temperature, velocity, and species distribution in the mold. As a special case, we have also studied the case in which dendritic particles are fragmented at the interface due to vigorous electromagnetic stirring. For this case, an additional conservation equation for the transport of solid fraction is solved. For modeling the resistance offered by moving solid crystals, a switching function in the momentum equations is used for variation of viscosity. The fragmentation and transport of dendritic particles has a profound effect on the final macrosegregation and microstructure of the solidified billet. It is found that the application of electromagnetic stirring in continuous casting of billets results in better temperature uniformity and macrosegregation pattern.

Item Type: Conference Paper
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Mechanical Engineering
Date Deposited: 22 Nov 2011 07:21
Last Modified: 22 Nov 2011 07:21
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/42256

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