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Evaluation of Advanced TCP Stacks in the iSCSI Environment using Simulation Model

Motwani, Girish and Gopinath, K (2005) Evaluation of Advanced TCP Stacks in the iSCSI Environment using Simulation Model. In: 22nd IEEE / 13th NASA Goddard Conference on Mass Storage Systems and Technologies, 2005, 11-14 April, California, 210 -217.


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Enterprise storage demands have overwhelmed traditional storage mechanisms and have led to the development of storage area networks (SANs). This has resulted in the design of SCSI transport protocols that encapsulate SCSI commands and data for transfer over the network. Fiber channel protocol was the first such protocol that used gigabit per second speed links to carry SCSI commands and data over long distances. However, with the emergence of gigabit Ethernet and the iSCSI (Internet SCSI) protocol that maps the SCSI block oriented storage data over TCP/IP and enables storage devices to be accessed over standard Ethernet based TCP/IP networks, reduction in costs and a unified network infrastructure can be achieved. The iSCSI data flow is regulated by the TCP congestion control algorithm. The standard TCP Reno congestion control algorithm substantially under utilizes the network bandwidth over high speed connections for most applications. To address this limitation of TCP, variants of the TCP congestion control algorithm, designed for high bandwidth networks, such as FAST TCP, BIC-TCP, H-TCP, and Scalable TCP have been proposed. We use simulations and experiments to compare the performance of these TCP variants in an iSCSI environment. Our results indicate that H-TCP outperforms the other TCP variants in an iSCSI environment. However H-TCP results in unfair sharing of network bandwidth when simultaneous multiple flows exist. Performance obtained using BIC-TCP is only second to that using H-TCP and it is relatively fairer as compared to H-TCP.

Item Type: Conference Paper
Publisher: IEEE
Additional Information: ©1990 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. However, permission to reprint/republish this material for advertising or promotional purposes or for creating new collective works for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or to reuse any copyrighted component of this work in other works must be obtained from the IEEE.
Department/Centre: Division of Electrical Sciences > Computer Science & Automation
Date Deposited: 22 Nov 2005
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 04:21
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/4075

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