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Static Balancing of Spring-loaded Planar Revolute-joint Linkages without Auxiliary Links

Deepak, SR and Ananthasuresh, GK (2009) Static Balancing of Spring-loaded Planar Revolute-joint Linkages without Auxiliary Links. In: 14th National Conference on Machines and Mechanisms (NaCoMM-09), December 17-18, 2009, NIT-Durgapur, India.

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We present a method to statically balance a general treestructured,planar revolute-joint linkage loaded with linear springs or constant forces without using auxiliary links. The balancing methods currently documented in the literature use extra links; some do not apply when there are spring loads and some are restricted to only two-link serial chains. In our method, we suitably combine any non-zero-free-length load spring with another spring to result in an effective zero-free-length spring load. If a link has a single joint (with the parent link), we give a procedure to attach extra zero-free-length springs to it so that forces and moments are balanced for the link. Another consequence of this attachment is that the constraint force of the joint on the parent link becomes equivalent to a zero-free-length spring load. Hence, conceptually,for the parent link, the joint with its child is removed and replaced with the zero-free-length spring. This feature allows recursive application of this procedure from the end-branches of the tree down to the root, satisfying force and moment balance of all the links in the process. Furthermore, this method can easily be extended to the closed-loop revolute-joint linkages, which is also illustrated in the paper.

Item Type: Conference Paper
Keywords: Spring load;zero-free-length springs;serial chain;composition of springs.
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Mechanical Engineering
Date Deposited: 19 Dec 2011 10:12
Last Modified: 19 Dec 2011 10:12
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/40078

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