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Hybrid Polypeptides: Gabapentin as a Stereochemically Constrained gamma-Amino Acid Residue

Balaram, Padmanabhan (2010) Hybrid Polypeptides: Gabapentin as a Stereochemically Constrained gamma-Amino Acid Residue. In: Biopolymers, 94 (6, Sp.). pp. 733-741.

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The design of folded structures in peptides containing the higher homologues of alpha-amino acid residues requires the restriction of the range of local conformational choices In alpha-amino acids stereochemically constrained residues like alpha,alpha-dialkylated residue, aminoisobutyric acid (Aib), and D-Proline ((D)Pro) have proved extremely useful in the design of helices and hairpins in short peptides Extending this approach, backbone substitution and cyclization are anticipated to bc useful in generating conformationally constrained beta- and gamma-residues This brief review provides a survey of work on hybrid peptide sequences concerning the conformationally constrained gamma-amino acid residue 1-aminomethyl cyclohexane acetic acid, gabapentin (Gpn) This achiral, beta,beta-disubstituted, gamma-residue strongly favors gauche-gauche conformations about the C-alpha-C-beta (0(2)) and C-alpha-C-gamma (0(1)) bonds, facilitating local folding The Gpn residue can adopt both C-7 (NH1 -> CO1) and C-9 (CO1 (I)<- NH1+I) hydrogen bonds which are analogous to the C-5 and C7 (gamma-turn) conformations at alpha-residues In conjunction with adjacent residues, Gpn may be used in ay and gamma alpha segments to generate C-12 hydrogen bonded conformations which may be considered as expanded analogs of conventional beta-turns The structural characterization of C-12 helices, C-12/C-10 helices with mixed hydrogen bond directionalities and beta-hairpins incorporating Gpn residues at the turn segment is illustrated (C) 2010 Wiley Periodicals, Inc Biopolymers (Pept Sci) 94 733-741 2010

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Biopolymers
Publisher: John Wiley and Sons
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to John Wiley and Sons.
Keywords: hybrid peptides;gabapentin;conformational constrained residues;helices and hairpins
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Molecular Biophysics Unit
Date Deposited: 07 Mar 2011 10:39
Last Modified: 07 Mar 2011 11:02
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/35912

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