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Conformational polymorphism in G-tetraplex structures: strand reversal by base flipover or sugar flipover

Mohanty, Debasisa and Bansal, Manju (1993) Conformational polymorphism in G-tetraplex structures: strand reversal by base flipover or sugar flipover. In: Nucleic Acids Research, 21 (8). pp. 1767-1774.

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Guanlne rich sequences adopt a variety of four stranded structures, which differ in strand orientation and conformation about the glycosldic bond even though they are all stabilised by Hoogsteen hydrogen bonded guanlne tetrads. Detailed model building and molecular mechanics calculations have been carried out to investigate various possible conformations of guanlnes along a strand and different possible orientations of guanlne strands In a G-tetraplex structure. It is found that for an ollgo G stretch per se, a parallel four stranded structure with all guanines In anti conformation is favoured over other possible tetraplex structures. Hence an alternating syn-anti arrangement of guanlnes along a strand is likely to occur only in folded back tetraplex structures with antiparallel G strands. Our study provides a theoretical rationale for the observed alternation of glycosldic conformation and the inverted stacking arrangement arising from base filpover, In antlparallel G-tetraplex structures and also highlights the various structural features arising due to different types of strand orientations. The molecular mechanics calculations help in elucidating the various interactions which stabilize different G-tetraplex structures and indicate that screening of phosphate charge by counterions could have a dramatic effect on groove width in these four stranded structures.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Nucleic Acids Research
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Oxford University Press.
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Molecular Biophysics Unit
Date Deposited: 03 Feb 2011 05:40
Last Modified: 03 Feb 2011 05:40
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/35376

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