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Protein sequence design on the basis of topology optimization techniques -Using continuous modeling of discrete amino acid types

Ananthasuresh, GK (2006) Protein sequence design on the basis of topology optimization techniques -Using continuous modeling of discrete amino acid types. In: IUTAM Symposium on Topological Design Optimization of Structures, Machines and Materials,, Oct 2005, Copenhagen, Denmark, pp. 455-466.

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The notion of optimization is inherent in protein design. A long linear chain of twenty types of amino acid residues are known to fold to a 3-D conformation that minimizes the combined inter-residue energy interactions. There are two distinct protein design problems, viz. predicting the folded structure from a given sequence of amino acid monomers (folding problem) and determining a sequence for a given folded structure (inverse folding problem). These two problems have much similarity to engineering structural analysis and structural optimization problems respectively. In the folding problem, a protein chain with a given sequence folds to a conformation, called a native state, which has a unique global minimum energy value when compared to all other unfolded conformations. This involves a search in the conformation space. This is somewhat akin to the principle of minimum potential energy that determines the deformed static equilibrium configuration of an elastic structure of given topology, shape, and size that is subjected to certain boundary conditions. In the inverse-folding problem, one has to design a sequence with some objectives (having a specific feature of the folded structure, docking with another protein, etc.) and constraints (sequence being fixed in some portion, a particular composition of amino acid types, etc.) while obtaining a sequence that would fold to the desired conformation satisfying the criteria of folding. This requires a search in the sequence space. This is similar to structural optimization in the design-variable space wherein a certain feature of structural response is optimized subject to some constraints while satisfying the governing static or dynamic equilibrium equations. Based on this similarity, in this work we apply the topology optimization methods to protein design, discuss modeling issues and present some initial results.

Item Type: Conference Paper
Publisher: Springer
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Springer.
Keywords: Protein sequence design;continuous modeling of amino acid types;topology optimization;inverse folding.
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Mechanical Engineering
Date Deposited: 26 Aug 2010 04:33
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 06:12
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/30679

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