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Hydration and distortion of peptide helices in crystals. α-Helical structure of a dodecapeptide, Boc-(Ala-Leu-Aib)4-OMe

Karle, IL and Flippenanderson, JL and Uma, K and Balaram, P (1994) Hydration and distortion of peptide helices in crystals. α-Helical structure of a dodecapeptide, Boc-(Ala-Leu-Aib)4-OMe. In: International Journal of Peptide & Protein Research, 44 (5). pp. 491-498.

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The dodecapeptide Boc-(Ala-Leu-Aib)(4)-OMe crystallized with two independent helical molecules in a triclinic cell. The two molecules are very similar in conformation, with a 3(10)-helix turn at the N-terminus followed by an alpha-helix, except for an elongated N(7)...O(3) distance in both molecules. All the helices in the crystal pack in a parallel motif. Eleven water sites have been found in the head-to-tail region between the apolar helices that participate in peptide-water hydrogen bonds and a network of water-water hydrogen bonds. The crystal parameters are as follows: 2(C58H104N12O15)+ca. 10H(2)O, space group P1 with a = 12.946(2), b = 17.321(3), c = 20.465(4) Angstrom, alpha = 103.12(2), beta = 105.63(2), gamma = 107.50(2)degrees, Z = 2, R = 10.9% for 5152 data observed > 3 sigma(F), resolution 1.0 Angstrom. In contrast to the shorter sequences [Karle et al. (1988)Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 85, 299-303] and Boc-(Ala-Leu-Aib)(2)-OMe [Karle et al. (1989) Biopolymers 28, 773-781], no insertion of a water molecule into the helix is observed. However, the elongated N---O distance between Ala(7) NH and Aib(3) CO in both molecules (molecule A, 3.40 Angstrom; molecule B, 3.42 Angstrom) is indicative of an incipient break in the helices. (C) Munksgaard 1994.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: International Journal of Peptide & Protein Research
Publisher: Wiley interscience
Additional Information: Copy right of this article belongs to MUNKSGAARD INT PUBL LTD.
Keywords: dodecapeptide, crystal structure, long hydrogen bonds in α-helix, solvation of α-helix, parallel packing of α-helices ,two independent molecules ,α-aminoisobutyryl peptide.
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Molecular Biophysics Unit
Date Deposited: 28 Apr 2010 05:17
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 06:00
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/27324

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