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Kinetic characterization of rat brain type IIA sodium channel alpha-subunit stably expressed in a somatic cell line

Sarkar, Saumendra N and Adhikari, Arunabha and Sikdar, SK (1995) Kinetic characterization of rat brain type IIA sodium channel alpha-subunit stably expressed in a somatic cell line. In: The Journal of Physiology, 488 (3). pp. 633-645.

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Official URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC115673...


1. The rat brain type IIA Na+ channel alpha-subunit was stably expressed in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells. Current through the expressed Na+ channels was studied using the whole-cell configuration of the patch clamp technique. The transient Na+ current was sensitive to TTX and showed a bell-shaped peak current vs. membrane potential relation. 2. Na+ current inactivation was better described by the sum of two exponentials in the potential range -30 to +40 mV, with. a dominating fast component and a small slower component. 3. The steady-state inactivation, h(infinity), was related to potential by a Boltzmann distribution, underlying thr ee states of the inactivation gate. 4. Recovery of the channels from inactivation at different potentials in the range -70 to -120 mV were characterized by al? initial delay which decreased with hyperpolarization. The time course was well fitted by the sum of two exponentials. In this case the slower exponential was the major component, and both time constants decreased with hyperpolarization. 5. For a working description of the Na+ channel inactivation in this preparation, with a minimal deviation from the Hodgkin-Huxley model, a three-state scheme of the form O reversible arrow I-1 reversible arrow I-2 was proposed, replacing the original two-state scheme of the Hodgkin-Huxley model, and the rate constants are reported. 6. The instantaneous current-voltage relationship showed marked deviation from linearity and was satisfactorily fitted by the constant-field equation. 7. The time course of activation was described by an m(x) model. However, the best-fitted value of x varied with the membrane potential and had a mean value of 2. 8. Effective gating charge was determined to be 4.7e from the slope of the activation plot, plotted on a logarithmic scale. 9. The rate constants of activation, alpha(m) and beta(m), were determined. Their functional dependence on the membrane potential was investigated.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: The Journal of Physiology
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Cambridge University Press.
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Molecular Biophysics Unit
Date Deposited: 11 Dec 2009 06:30
Last Modified: 29 Feb 2012 05:49
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/25211

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